Subsurface subsidence prediction model and its potential application to the study of longwall subsidence effects on the hydrologic system
Transactions of the Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration
, 2010, Vol. 328, No. 1, pp. 458-465
Luo, Yi; Peng, S.
Subsurface strata movements and deformations associated with underground longwall mining activities could cause certain influences to subsurface structures and water bodies. Methods have been developed for the prediction of final and dynamic subsurface movements and deformations induced by underground longwall mining operations in the eastern coal fields. Two new types of strata deformation, vertical and total strains, which could be useful in the field of subsidence research in assessing subsidence influences to the subsurface structures and water bodies, have been introduced. Using the subsurface subsidence prediction model, three types of subsidence influences to surface and subsurface hydrological systems have been identified. Attempts have been made to quantify the two types of subsidence influences that could cause water loss and could lower water levels in aquifers.