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Simulation of the flow field in an iron ore pelletizing kiln

Minerals & Metallurgical Processing , 2016, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 144-148

Larsson, I.A.S.; Marjavaara, B.D.; Lundström, T.S.



The flow field in a rotary kiln, used in an iron ore pelletizing process, was investigated using a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model. The model is isothermal, downscaled and simplified. The objective was to examine the possibility of capturing the unsteady motion of the flame seen in the real kiln. The results from the simulations were compared with recorded images of the real process. The results demonstrate the possibility of quickly getting an overview of the flow field in the kiln. The main, unsteady behavior of the flame was captured. The model may be used as a tool in the ongoing work of improving and optimizing the pelletizing process.